Section -- defines a document section

indexer.conf search.htm


Section {name} {number} {maxlen} [datatype] [when] [format] [cloneflag] [separator] [{source} {pattern} {replacement}]


When used in search.htm, the Section command requires only the first three parameters and activates recognition of section name references in search queries, for example:

title:word1 body:word2
See the Section called Restricting search words to a section in Chapter 10 for details. There are no any other purposes of using the Section command in search.htm. The rest of this article applies mostly to indexer.conf.

string is the section name and number is the section ID between 0 and 255. Use 0 if you don't want to index the sections.

Note: It is recommended to use different sections ID for different documents parts, which makes possible to set different weights for the different document parts, as well as restrict search to a section at search time.

The maxlen argument contains the maximum length of the section which should be stored in the database. If maxlen is set to 0, then this section is not stored in the database and therefore is not available at search time using $(name) syntaxt in search.htm.

The datatype parameter is optional. If the parameter is omitted, then the words of this section are treated as usual words, i.e. they are stored and compared lexicographically.

If the datatype is set to decimal, then the words of this section are treated as decimal numbers with up to 9 integral digits and up to 9 fractional digits. The words of this section are stored as a 18-digit words in the format IIIIIIIIIFFFFFFFFF, where IIIIIIIII is the integral part left padded with zeroes, and FFFFFFFFF is the fractional part right padded with zeros.

when is an optional parameter defining when the section is to be created. The following values are possible:

format is a flag telling indexer which parser to use for the section. Two values are understood:

The format parameter is designed for use in combination with the simple type of HTDBDoc queries (i.e. consisting of a list of data columns, without full HTTP headers). The default value is text. If your SQL table contains data in HTML format, you can specify the html option to force removing of HTML tags. See the Section called Indexing SQL tables (htdb:/ virtual URL scheme) in Chapter 6 for details about simple HTDBDoc queries.

The cloneflag parameter is a flag describing whether the section should affect clone detection. It can be DetectClone (or cdon), or NoDetectClone (or cdoff). By default, all url.* section values (i.e. various URL parts) are not taken in account for clone detection, while any other sections take part in clone detection.

separator is a string that separates consequent chunks of the same section.

User-defined sections

The source, pattern and replacement parameters can be used to extract user defined sections.

source can include variable references using ${VARNAME} syntax. Multiple variable references are allowed.

pattern represents a regular expression to specify which parts of source should go to the section.

replacement defines how the extracted parts of source are comnibed into the result. replacement can contain references of the form $n, where n is a number in the range 0-9. Every reference is replaced to text captured by the n-th parenthesized sub-pattern. $0 refers to text matched by the whole pattern. Opening parentheses are counted from left to right (starting from 1) to obtain the number of the capturing sub-pattern.

# Use a combination of URL and raw body content to extract
# the host part of URL and title into the section "udef"
Section HTTP.Content 0 0
Section udef  1 256 cdoff  "" "${URL}:${HTTP.Content}" "^http://([^/]*)/.*<title>(.*)</title>" "$1 $2"

Conditional sections

The source, pattern and replacement arguments can also be used to create sections only under certain conditions:

# Create "body" only for the given host name
Section HTTP.Content 0 0
Section body  1 256 cdoff "" "${URL}:${HTTP.Content}" "^*<body>(.*)</body>" "$1"

Special purpose sections

There is a special User.Date section. It makes possible to use a user defined meta tag (or any other document part) as an alternative Last-Modified value. A number of widespread formats is understood:

Sun, 06 Nov 1994 08:49:37 GMT
Sun, 6 Nov 1994 08:49:37 GMT
Sunday, 06-Nov-94 08:49:37 GMT
Sun Nov 6 08:49:37 1994
1104537600  -- Unix timestamp
When User.Date is defined, the Last-Modified HTTP header is ignored, and the document modification time is taken from User.Date instead. This can be useful when indexing dynamic documents.

nobody is another section with a special meaning. When parsing HTML documents, indexer ignores the words outside the <body> and </body> tags by default. To activate indexing of these words, you can define a special section nobody, which should have the same ID and length with the section body. Making indexer see the words outside the body tags can be useful to index a remote site with broken HTML mark-up (when you can't modify the pages), or to index local HTML pages having SSI (sever side include) directives directly from disk using file:/// schema, even if the <body> and </body> tags are not in the HTML pages themselves, but in shared files included using SSI directives, like <!--#include virtual="../include/top.html"-->. For example:

Section body   1 256
Section nobody 1 256


Section body                    1       256
Section title                   2       128
Section meta.keywords           3       128
Section meta.description        4       128
Section header.server           5       64
Section url.file                6       0
Section url.path                7       0
Section                8       0
Section url.proto               9       0
Section crosswords              10      0
Section Charset                 11      32
Section Content-Type            12      64
Section Content-Language        13      16
Section attribute.alt           14      128
Section attribute.label         15      128
Section attribute.summary       16      128
Section attribute.title         17      128
Section References              18      0
Section Message-ID              19      0
Section Parent-ID               20      0
Section MP3.Song                21      128
Section MP3.Album               22      128
Section MP3.Artist              23      128
Section MP3.Year                24      128
Section CachedCopy              25      64000
Section attribute.face          27      0
Section attribute.title         28      0 "."

# A user-defined section
Section h1                      29      128 "<h1>(.*)</h1>" $1

# User-defined date extracted from the "Date" meta-tag
Section User.Date               0       10 '<META NAME="Date" +CONTENT="([^"]*)">' "$1"

# Replacing Content-Type to application/msword
Section Content-Type            0       64 afterheaders cdoff "" "${URL}" "http://site/*.doc" "application/msword"

# Using "afterguesser" in conjuction with ${HTTP.LocalCharsetContent}
Section HTTP.LocalCharsetContent 0      0
Section h1lcs                   30      128 afterguesser cdoff "" "${HTTP.LocalCharsetContent}" "<h1>(.*)</h1>" $1

# Using a simple HTDBDoc query for a SQL table with text and HTML columns
Section 1 256 column1 text
Section 2 256 colimn2 html

See also

MaxDocSize, MaxWordLength, MinWordLength, UseLocalCachedCopy.